Sustainable development is the kind of growth that stretches to meet both present needs and can be sustained to meet future needs. One of the global pillars of maintaining development is the aspect of transport.
Transport comprises of road, railway, water, and air modes of movement.
Highlighted below are some of the impacts of poor transport infrastructure on sustainable development;
Slows the economy
Time is money and time wasted can never be recovered. Poor transport infrastructure slows down the economy. Take for example food products being harvested in areas with poorly constructed roads that need to reach the market locally and internationally. Due to poor roads and especially during the rainy season the farmers end up spending extra money to pay human labor to carry their products for long distance to a tarmacked road because vehicles cannot access to their farms. Most of the products like fruits get overripe or rotten before reaching the market.
Destabilizes learning and movement
Also during the rainy season, some roads become impassible destabilizing transport systems for locals and school going children. There have to wait for long hours or even days for the rains to subsidize to cross, those roads are like vpn ports to open a router.
Discourages Investors & causes slow development
Transport infrastructure may discourage investors because of reduced accessibility to such investment sites. Poor roads, collapsing bridges, and poorly constructed airports can put off any investor due to the extra cost he may incur on transport and emergencies.
Areas with most transport infrastructure drag behind in development. Most investors will stretch their services to accessible areas leaving out the undeveloped areas. So such areas lack development to crucial services like electricity, network, health and many more.
Rural to Urban Migration
One of the major causes of rural to urban migration is transport infrastructure. Students after completing their elementary education are forced by circumstances to move to the urban areas so that they can further their education. This is because most higher learning institutions may not consider setting up their structures in undeveloped regions where roads are inaccessible.
Transport infrastructure is one of the causes of mortality death in expectant mothers and their infants. Due to bad roads, some expectant mothers and sick individuals are unable to reach health centers in good time for medical help, especially during rainy seasons.
The locals have to use crude means like wheelbarrows to ferry the sick to hospital for several kilometers leading to most of them migrating to the towns where the roads are accessible.
Causes wastage and high expenditure
Transport infrastructure leads to increased revenue in terms of fuel consumption and fares in public transport. Also, poorly constructed roads wear out vehicles very quickly hence increasing maintenance budget.
Infrastructure, especially in roads, increases government expenditure in cases of emergency in areas that are not accessible by roadways. Helicopters have to be used to reach such people for humanitarian help thereby stretching the government budget.
In conclusion, sustainable development cannot be achieved without investing in improving transport infrastructure to make goods, services, and regions more accessible.